Satin weave fabrics usually have a glossy face side and a matte back. They are characterised by four or more weft yarns floating over a warp yarn or vice versa, and the fabric becomes more pliable as the number of floating weft yarns increases. This allows sateen fabrics to drape better than plain weave fabrics.
Sateen fabrics need to be loved and handled with care, as they can stain more easily than other cottons. The recommended washing temperature for cotton sateen is 40°C, with the lowest possible spin cycle to avoid dulling down the fabric. Iron or steam the garments on the reverse side to lessen friction and avoid roughing up the lustrous face.
Cotton sateen is commonly used for dress shirts because of its subtly lustrous surface, breathability, and softness. It can also be easily fitted due to its pliable texture. Sateen is naturally more supple than other cotton fabrics, making it less prone to creasing, and easier to iron or steam. Despite its luxurious appearance, it is one of the most durable materials used for shirting.